35.032 Pexicopia malvella (Hübner, 1805)

Status and Distribution

Local, occasionally locally common in the south and east of England. Rare in Wales and apprently absent from south-west England, Scotland and all of Ireland. The few records from the midlands, northern England and Channel Islands are mostly very dated and there is some doubt about the accuracy of published records from VC68 (Northumberland north) and VC81 (Berwickshire) which have consequently not been mapped. The single record from south Cumbria is from an experienced recorder but would benefit from confirmation if possible.

There are indications of a contraction of range having occured in the early twentieth century in line with the decline of the main larval foodplant, marsh-mallow.

National Status: 

Nationally Scarce B

Bradley & Fletcher no: 

809
Photo courtesy of UK Moths.
Photographer: Donald Hobern
Location: Hellerup, Denmark

Provisional Map

Maps updated with all data received by February 2016.

    Imago

    Dissection Group

    Foodplant and Larval Feeding Signs

    Althaea officinalis (marsh-mallow), see plant distribution map, or cultivated Alcea rosea (hollyhock), occasionally Malva moschata (musk-mallow).

    In Europe, also found on Lavatera thuringiaca (garden tree-mallow), Malva alcea, Malva neglecta (dwarf mallow) and Malva sylvestris (common mallow).

    Feeds within the seedheads of the foodplant and later spins a cocoon in the larval workings where it overwinters.

    Foodplant Map

    Habitat

    Pexicopia malvella habitat, Hampshire 2016 (Photo: S. Palmer)

    Found in brackish coastal areas, grazing levels, river margins and associated with gardens where hollyhock and marsh-mallow are grown, or where either occur as garden escapes.

    Finding the Moth

    Larva: seeds of the foodplants collected during the late autumn and winter period may contain larvae.

    Adult: readily attracted to light, both actinic and mercury-vapour.

    Similar Species

    Superficially similar to Platyedra subcinerea in size and shape. Pexicopia malvella has a generally darker fuscous colouring to the forewing, particularly obvious in the outer third and along the costa (leading edge) and lacks the black spot at the base of the wing. P. subcinerea has a prominent black spot at the base of the forewing near the dorsum (trailing edge) and a pale-ringed black spot at two thirds, most obvious on fresh specimens. There are differences in the flight period although overlap can occur in August and sometimes in early June.

    Larval Occurrence

    Larval Occurrence

    Flight Period

    Flight Period

    Single brooded from June to mid-August, and rarely to early September.