Status and Distribution

Was considered Extinct in the British Isles and Channel Islands until discovered at three adjacent sites on the Isle of Wight in 2013 and 2014. The distribution map shows a centralised grid for the Isle of Wight.

Formerly known from four or five localities in Sussex where it appeared to be fairly common with numerous specimens present in museum collections bred from at least one of the sites. The foodplant declined significantly as a result of changes in agricultural practice and the moth was last recorded in Sussex in 1990. Subsequent searches have failed to locate any signs of the species in this area.

National Status: 

Unknown

Bradley & Fletcher no: 

846

Provisional Map

Maps updated with all data received by February 2018.

    Larva

    Syncopacma vinella larva (photo: R J Heckford)

    Set Specimens

    Syncopacma vinella (form with pale fascia) bred ex Genista tinctoria, Isle of Wight 2014 (Photo: R J Heckford)  Virtually unicolorous form of Syncopacma vinella 1990 bred from Genista tinctoria, Sussex (Photo: R J Heckford)

    Dissection Group

    Foodplant and Larval Feeding Signs

    Syncopacma vinella, spinning Genista tinctoria, (photo: S D Beavan)  Syncopacma vinella, mined leaf Genista tinctoria, (photo: R J Heckford)

    Genista tinctoria (dyer's greenweed), see plant distrbution map.  In Europe, also reported to use Medicago sativa ssp. falcata (sickle medick), Medicago sativa (lucerne), and Trifolium pratense (red clover).

    Foodplant Map

    Habitat

    Formerly associated with rough fields on or very near Wealden clay.  The locations on the Isle of Wight are unimproved neutral grasslands (fields) on heavy clay soils sympathetically grazed by cattle to maintain good conditions for the foodplant.

    Finding the Moth

    Larva: feeds between spun leaves near the tip of the plant or along the stem often mining them. The second brood larva overwinters full-fed within spun leaves, often fixed to the stem.

    Adult: unknown

    Similar Species

    This species usually lacks any pale forewing markings but occasionally can have small whitish-yellow costal and tornal spots or even a complete whitish-yellow fascia. The variation in forewing markings, wingspan (within the smaller range of other Syncopacma species) and its use of a foodplant possibly also utilised by S. cinctella make dissection essential to determine to species level.

    In view of the species scarcity, confirmation of identification from any site (particularly a new location) is most sensibly achieved by retention of no more than a single voucher specimen.

    In an article (Ent. Gaz. 1991: 227-230) R. J. Heckford notes the genitalia drawing of the female "vinella" in Pierce and Metcalf (1935) is of Syncopacma albipalpella.

    Larval Occurrence

    Larval Occurrence

    Flight Period

    Flight Period

    Stated by some authors to have been single-brooded and by others as double-brooded, the latter being supported most recently in Vol. 4 (2) of the Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. In Europe it is double-brooded. The adults have been found in Britain from June to September.

    Very few flight dates are currently on the Scheme database, most of the records referring to bred specimens.