35.141 Teleiodes vulgella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

Status and Distribution

Widespread and common over most of England and south east and north east Wales, becoming local to very local in south west and northern England, the remainder of Wales and the Channel Islands. Those records from the extremes of its range are mostly historic suggesting there has perhaps been a slight contraction of range in the last 100 years or so. Rare in Ireland and Northern Ireland and apparently absent from Scotland and Isle of Man.

National Status: 

Common

Bradley & Fletcher no: 

765
Photo courtesy of UK Moths.
Photographer: Ben Smart
Location: Chorlton, Greater Manchester

Provisional Map

Maps updated with all data received by February 2018.

    Imago

    Larva

    Dissection Group

    Foodplant and Larval Feeding Signs

    Teleiodes vulgella larval feeding signs (Photo: B Smart)  Teleiodes vulgella feeding signs Rowan, Chorlton (Photo: B Smart)

    Crataegus spp. (hawthorn), see plant distribution map, Prunus spinosa (blackthorn), Sorbus aucuparia (rowan, in Lancashire 2008 and 2015, Ben Smart) and Cotoneaster horizontalis (wall cotoneaster). Bred once from Juniperus communis (juniper).

    In Europe also found on Amelanchier ovalis (snowy mespilus), Malus domestica (apple), Prunus domestica (wild plum), Pyrus communis (pear) and Sorbus aria (whitebeam).

    Feeds between spun leaves. Small larvae have been found on blackthorn in VC38 in September 1994 and September 1995 suggesting they may overwinter in this stage and recommence feeding in the spring.

    Foodplant Map

    Habitat

    Gardens, hedgerows, scrubland and open woodland.

    Finding the Moth

    Larval: spins two or more leaves together flatly and grazes through to the upper epidermis, causing conspicuous pale brownish blotches on the uppermost leaves.

    Adult: rests by day on tree trunks (hawthorn, hazel and oak have been reported), fences or even occasionally walls, has been observed flying over low plants in early evening and flying at dusk, can be disturbed from hedgerows during the day, has been smoked from unspecified vegetation and comes readily to light in small numbers.

    Similar Species

    When fresh, the slate grey colouring of the forewing with two patches or lines of raised black scales (at one-quarter and, more extensively, at three-quarters) are distinctive. Some southern specimens have a slight pinkish grey hue whilst worn specimens with the greyer forewings can fade to pale greyish-brown. Dissection may be necessary once the moth has lost most or all of the black scales to avoid confusion with other grey or slightly pinkish grey species, such as Pseudotelphusa paripunctella and Teleiodes wagae, the latter of which has four black spots in an outwardly oblique row at two-fifths.

    Larval Occurrence

    Larval Occurrence

    Flight Period

    Flight Period

    Single brooded with the vast majority of records from early June to mid-August. In some years it can be found from mid-May or flies into late September, a habit reported more frequently in recent years, particularly post 2000. In 2003 two well geographically separated confirmed reports were received of the moth in October, on the 1st in VC24 and the 8th in VC60.

    Earliest: 5th May 1961 and 2014 (VC15 / VC14)

    Latest: 8th October 2003 (VC60)